cases: use in greek

So I see you are a case enthusiast, just like me.
If you are not familiar with cases, go to part I first and then come join us here. I promise we'll wait.

Where was I?
Ah, yes.
Greek cases.
 
The Greek language has four cases: 
Nominative, Accusative, Genitive 
same as English, thank the old gods and the new -
plus Vocative

When you say
⛰️ OH ZEUS, WHY HAST THOU STRICKEN ME WITH THY THUNDERBOLT?
that 'Oh ZEUS' is in the vocative, the case we use to directly address or call someone.
 
 
''I have no idea what you're talking about.''

Greek once also had Dative, (probably my favourite case ever), but it has now integrated itself into both the Accusative and the Genitive in

delightful, 

              simple, 

                               uncomplicated ways 

                                                               that we’ll discuss in the future.

 
Back to the matter in hand.
Greek lives and breathes cases, you see them everywhere all the time. Articles, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, all have cases, all worship cases, cases are important, cases are God.

Η Αλεξάνδρα          subject = article + noun in nominative 
θυμάται 
τον Θεόδωρο.          object = article + noun in accusative

Το αυτοκίνητο      subject = article + noun in nominative 
είναι 
της Αλεξάνδρας.        possession = article + noun in genitive



In γρεεκ, whilst it’s most common to use the typical Subject - Verb - Object  formation, it’s totally normal to change things up:

Η Αλεξάνδρα θυμάται τον Θεόδωρο.
but also
Tον Θεόδωρο θυμάται η Αλεξάνδρα.

The meaning is the exact same, both sentences are acceptable and correct. Cases always tell us who is who and who does what, regardless of where the words are in the sentence.

Same applies to pronouns: 

Αυτή θυμάται αυτόν
but also
Αυτόν θυμάται αυτή.

The beauty of cases is that they give us total flexibility in a sentence.🌸



Cases are the reason why εσύ, εσένα and σε mean you, but the first one is the subject you, and the other two are the object you,
why we have all the different articles and they all mean ‘the’
(η, την, τον, τους, ο, τις, τα, oι)
and all the different noun endings and adjective endings.
(άνθρωπος, ανθρώπου, άνθρωπο, καλός, καλή, καλόι, καλών)

Remeber, cases are just uniforms that show us the words' job in a sentence.
 
You have now made it to the end of The Cases Saga.

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