the Greek alphabet

Chances are you've already seen the greek alphabet in (you guessed it) ~ alphabetical ~ order. But the other day I saw this thread on duolingo and since imitation is the highest form of flattery, I hope duolingo feels very flattered with this post. :P

The greek alphabet is delightful.
It has 24 letters; for some you'll think 'aaaah, I've seen this in Geometry / Sorority / a Museum / whatever this is before! ' and for others you'll imagine a right-handed orangutan attempting calligraphy with their left hand whilst running on a treadmill blindfolded.

I've divided the letters in 4 categories based on the capitals, as they're the ones you are most likely to be familiar with. With the uppercase parents, I'll be also introducing their lowecase children.


 CATERGORY 1 ‎‎‎‎‎‎
The capital letters LOOK & SOUND just like you'd expect. 👀👂

      avatar, Athens, allure
      zillion, zombie, Zambia
Lowercase ζ is like the capital Z with an extra tail at the bottom.
      kettle, kiwi, kangaroo
      measure, multi, millionaire
      novice, Neptune, Nicaragua
Oο
      oxidize, ocean, ocelot
      technical, tattoo, Transylvania 


 CATERGORY 2 ‎‎‎‎‎‎
The capital letters only LOOK familiar. 👀
(click on the letters to hear what they sound like in a word)

Ββ      vigilant, vestibule, vexillology
Εε
      eclectic, electronic, elephant
Your brain will want to pronounce this as an ee (like in 'eel') but you must resist the temptation; this one is always and forever an eh sound. Remember the electronic elephant. 🐘
Ηη      eerie, irrelevant, east
Lowercase η looks a bit lowercase μ. One of them wears a hat, the other one doesn't.
Ιι      eerie, irrelevant, east
Not an i like in 'iphone'.
Never an
i like in 'iphone'.
Always
i like in 'xiaomi'.
Ρρ      rover, repeat, rastafarian
Unleash your inner Braveheart because this R is always rrrrolled.
Υυ      eerie, irrelevant, east
Lowercase looks like the english u but it's never a 'youu' sound;
it's always ee.

Χχ      he, harp, Hapsburg
Not exactly like the
breathy english -h-, but a bit stronger and more pronounced. EasyGreek explains it better here.


 CATERGORY 3 ‎‎‎‎‎‎
The capital letters only SOUND familiar. 👂

Δδ      therefore, then, there
Θθ      thesaurus, thistle, thyroid
Λλ      luminous, lamb, lexicon 
Ξξ      taxi, parallax, thorax
Just like the english -x- in the middle/end of a word.
Ππ      papyrus, pegasus, Pompeii
It's pi!
Σσ      secret, saucy, styrophoam
Φφ      finite, fashion, feelings
Ωω      ominous, otters, operate.


 CATERGORY 3 ‎‎‎‎‎‎
These are brand new to you. 🌱

Γγ
Νot pronounced gamma, not a hard g
Same EasyGreek video for the pronunciation.
Ψψ
the sounds p + s together, like in Cyclops


And there you have it. The greek alphabet with a bit of spice. (that I borrowed from someone else's cupboard)

For those of you who don't like surprises, here is the alphabet in alphabetical order.



name

sounds like

like in

A

α

alpha
άλφα

ah

albatross

B

β

veeta
βήτα

v

viper

Γ

γ

gamma
γάμμα

soft g/y 

yak

Δ

δ

delta
δέλτα

th

feathertail glider

Ε

ε

epsilon
έψιλον

eh

elephant

Ζ

ζ

zeeta
ζήτα

z

zebra

Η

η

eeta
ήτα

ee

iguana

Θ

θ

theeta
θήτα

th

thylacine

Ι

ι

yota
ιώτα

ee

iguana

Κ

κ

kappa
κάππα

k

kiwi

Λ

λ

lamda
λάμδα

l

lemur

Μ

μ

mee
μι

m

moose

Ν

ν

nee
νι

n

nightingale

Ξ

ξ

xee
ξι

x

oryx

Ο

ο

omikron
όμικρον

o

ocelot

Π

π

pee
πι

p

piranha

Ρ

ρ

roh
ρω

r

racoon

Σ

σ

sigma
σίγμα

s

salamander

Τ

τ

taf
ταυ

t

toucan

Υ

υ

ypsilon
ύψιλον

ee

iguana

Φ

φ

fee
φι

f

frog

Χ

χ

he
χι

h

hyena

Ψ

ψ

psee
ψι

ps

triceratops

Ω

ω

omega
ωμέγα

o

ocelot



You can now recognise the letters when you see them.
But can you ~ r e a d ~ greek?
Yes and no.

Act I has 24 characters.
Act II introduces some more.

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