The Present Tense (Ενεστώτας)

If you are a fellow verb addict, you already know about
everyone's favourite gateway drug:

👽 👌 🧚 💃 🪂 ✨ 🦄 🌟 🌈 
t h e     P r e s e n t     T e n s e 
🍄 🤸 🎡 🪐 🌿 🧬 🪁 🔮 🌀

 
It's easy to come by, enjoyable, effective; it fills you with endorphins, transports you to a dimension where everything is magical and worry-free, it has no side-effects, and the positive effects never wear off.
So today, let's go on a  ~ t r i p ~ .


The Present Tense is used
~ when we talk about the current moment
, which is a gift, and it's why it's called the Present. (so darn cheesy but I couldn't help it)

Εγώ γράφω ένα άρθρο για τον Ενεστώτα.
I am writing an article about the Present Tense.

~ for things we do on a regular basis, or things that are repeated.

Η Μπιγιονσέ κερδίζει ένα Grammy.
Beyonce wins a Grammy.

And here's a cool party trick:
You can use the Present Tense to talk about the Past.
You can ALSO use the Present Tense to talk about the Future.


Let me explain.


Sometimes you're in the midst of retelling a story to your friends and when you reach the *really exciting* part, the narration goes like this:

'' ... So, the other day I'm texting this guy, right?
And I'm like 'What's your favourite drink?'
and he says 'Oat Milk Matcha Latte'
and I say ''OMG mine too, wanna come to our next Matcha Appreciation Zoom Meeting on Thursday?''
but he takes a while to respond and when he does, he says 'No thanks, I'm doing an interet detox so I'm enjoying my Matchas in the park'
and I think he is my soulmate and I like him very matcha ... ''

You are using the Present to talk about something that happened in the Past
, because that makes your story sound more lively and interesting, almost like watching a movie unraveling right before your eyes.

Well, you can do the same thing in Greek:

'' ... και της λέω 'πάμε να φάμε Κορεάτικο αύριο;' και μου λέει 'δε μου αρέσει το Κορεάτικο' και της απαντάω 'μα, σου αρέσει το kimchi' και μου λέει 'όχι, μου αρέσει το sauerkraut' ... ''


And if something's definitely happening in the Future, then give it the present of the Present:

Πάω στης Έλεανορ αύριο. Η μαμά της κάνει ένα πάρτι για να γιορτάσει τη νέα της επιχείρηση με περούκες.
I'm going
to Eleanor's tomorrow. Her mom is having a party to celebrate her new wig business.

'' didn't have time to get you a gift but here's a
temporary tattoo sticker I found in my purse ''


Let's quickly talk about the endings, shall we?
As mentioned here, greek verbs are divided into two groups, each with their own, very similar but slightly different endings.

A

B1 άω / ώ

B2 ώ

γράφ

γράφ

γράφ

γράφ

γράφ

γράφ

ω

εις

ει

ουμε

ετε

ουν

αγαπ
αγαπ

αγαπ

αγαπ

αγαπ

αγαπ

άω

άς

ά(ει)

άμε

άτε

άνε/ούν

μπορ

μπορ

μπορ

μπορ

μπορ

μπορ

ώ

είς

εί

ούμε

είτε

ούν


The difference between groups A and B is where the stress mark falls on the verb in the first person singular. (the ''I'' form) And as you can see, group B is further divided into subgroups - but no more spoilers.
Go read the conjugations article. ;)


And now we know the uses AND the endings for the Present Tense.
Notice how I call it 'Present Tense' and not Present Simple or Present Continuous like in English.

That's because in γρεεκ,
~ there's no distinction
~ .
(I am resisting the temptation of making more gift jokes here)

The english
Present Simple,
Present Continuous
AND
Present Perfect is,
















                                    in greek,














                                                    one tense:




















THE PRESENT TENSE.


















I walk
I am walking
I have been walking
is all, in the greek language
περπατάω.

You're welcome.
ΤΗΕ PRESENT IS THE GIFT THAT KEEPS ON GIVING there I said it

2 comments:

  1. Ευχαριστώ! Οι ελληνικές μου ανάγκες ξυπνήστε, οπότε ο ιστότοπός σας είναι τέλειος - και διασκέδαση.

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    Replies
    1. Και εγώ ευχαριστώ για το πολύ καλό σχόλιο, Helena! :D

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