passive-voice-conjugations

In this post we saw how verbs are divided into groups in the Active Voice.

Do you know who else likes to form groups? Literally anything else in the Greek Grammar. Ok I'm joking, it's the verbs of the Passive Voice,
a.k.a the verbs ending in -μαι, and not in -ω.

Remember: in Greek, the voice of the verb
is based on what it looks like,
and has nothing to do with its actual meaning.

It is just window-dressing,
a display,

a façade , if you will.


In the example
χρειάζομαι μια καρέκλα  I need a chair, 'χρειάζομαι' is
~ in the passive voice due to its -μαι ending,
but
~ in the active mood because its subject is actively doing something, and the action is going to something / someone else: the chair. (no seriously, this article does explain it in greater length)


With that out of the way,
~ LET'S TALK ABOUT PASSIVE VOICE GROUPS ~
(or, Conjugations, for the Grammar Nerds)


GROUP A

~ has verbs that end in -ομαι
πληρώνομαι, εξατμίζομαι, βάφομαι, εκπαιδεύoμαι

~ that are accented on the third-to-last syllable
πλη
·ρώ·νο·μαι, ε·ξα·τμί·ζο·μαι, βά·φο·μαι, εκ·παι·δεύ·ο·μαι


GROUP B

~ with verbs that end in -ιέμαι
καταριέμαι, κρατιέμαι, πετιέμαι, τηλεφωνιέμαι

~ in -ούμαι
εξηγούμαι, κατηγορούμαι, θεωρούμαι, απασχολούμαι

~ and in -άμαι
κοιμάμαι, λυπάμαι, θυμάμαι, φοβάμαι

~ accented on the second-to-last syllable in the first person (εγώ) of the Present Tense.
κρα·τιέ·μαι, α·πα·σχο·λού·μαι, θυ·μά·μαι

Here are the endings for the Present Tense.


A

γίν

γίν

γίν

γιν

γίν

γίν

ομαι

εσαι

εται

όμαστε

όσαστε/εστε

ονται


        B -ιέμαι

          B -ούμαι

        B - άμαι

αγαπ
αγαπ

αγαπ

αγαπ

αγαπ

αγαπ

ιέμαι

ιέσαι

ιέται

ιόμαστε

ιόσαστε / έστε

ιούνται

ενοχλ

ενοχλ

ενοχλ

ενοχλ

ενοχλ

ενοχλ

ούμαι

είσαι

είται

ούμαστε

είστε

ούνται

κοιμ

κοιμ

κοιμ

κοιμ

κοιμ

κοιμ

άμαι

άσαι

άται

όμαστε

όσατε / άστε

ούνται



Oh and hey, remember the two groups in the Active Voice?

GROUP A

-ω & accent on the penultimate syllable
γράφω, μαθαίνω, νομίζω, καταλαβαίνω

GROUP B1 & Β2

-άω/ώ & accent on the last syllable
αγαπ(ά)ώ, μιλ(ά)ώ, ξεχν(ά)ώ,
μπορώ, θεωρώ


Well, you can call these groups penpals because they
📩 C O R R E S P O N D 📬
with the groups in the Passive Voice!



GROUP A

γράφω ~    γράφομαι
μαθαίνω
    ~    μαθαίνομαι
καταλαβαίνω
    ~    καταλαβαίνομαι
πληρώνω    ~    πληρώνομαι
εξατμίζω
    ~    εξατμίζομαι
βάφω
    ~    βάφομαι
εκπαιδεύω
    ~    εκπαιδεύoμαι

GROUP Β1
αγαπ
άω
~    αγαπιέμαι
μιλάω
~    μιλιέμαι
γελάω
~    γελιέμαι
κρεμάω
~    κρεμιέμαι
ξεχνάω
~    ξεχνιέμαι
περπατάω
~    περπατιέμαι

GROUP Β2

εξηγώ ~    εξηγούμαι  
κατηγορώ
~    κατηγορούμαι
θεωρώ
~    θεωρούμαι
απασχολώ
~    απασχολούμαι
αποτελώ
~    αποτελούμαι
παρακαλω
~    παρακαλούμαι
συγχωρώ
~    συγχωρούμαι


The
άμαι verbs are just so gosh darn likeable that they can get away with doing their own thing.
Here are their Active Voice counterparts:

κοιμίζω
~    κοιμάμαι    (active A, like γράφω)
θυμίζω ~    θυμάμαι    (active A, like γράφω)
φοβίζω
~    φοβάμαι    (active A, like γράφω)
λυπώ ~    λυπάμαι        (αctive B2, like εξηγώ)

Everything is falling neatly into place, this whole post is like one of those *satisfying* youtube videos of people cutting vegetables with super sharp knives or something.


But wait, there's more!


LAWFUL GOOD verbs have both Active and Passive forms:
ζωγραφίζω Ι draw
ζωγραφίζομαι
I am drawn
ξεχνάω
I forget
ξεχνιέμαι
I forget myself, I am absent-minded
κατηγορώ
I accuse
κατηγορούμαι I am accused
φοβίζω
I scare
φοβάμαι
I am scared

CHAOTIC NEUTRAL verbs are staunch Passive-ists:
χρειάζομαι I need
εμπιστεύομαι I trust
ονειρεύομαι I dream
αναρωτιέμαι I wonder
περιπλανιέμαι I wander
προσποιούμαι I pretend

LAWFUL NEUTRAL verbs only come in the Active flavours:
επιβιώνω I survive
αμφιβάλλω I doubt
μπεκρουλιάζω I constantly get drunk
ντερλικώνω I eat too much
στρουθοκαμηλίζω Ι discovered this verb in the wiki page above and IT IS NOW MY MOST FAVOURITE GREEK VERB EVER - it literally means
''I (act like an) ostrich'' but is metaphorically used as
''I refuse to deal with the truth or a danger'' AND I LOVE IT.

🍒 cherry on top trivia:
στρουθοκάμηλος is a compound word consisting of the ancient greek στρουθός (sparrow) and κάμηλος. (camel)

Ostriches are sparrow camels.

OSTRICHES ARE
SPARROW CAMELS !!!!!11!!1!!!!



 
 
 
 
thank you,
and goodnight.
 



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